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Castoreum /kæsˈtɔːriəm/ is a yellowish exudate from the castor sacs of mature beavers. When Europeans settled in North America, they found beavers by the millions, and castoreum-mania was up and running once again. According to The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets, castoreum was first used as a food additive in the early 20th century, but is now rarely, if ever, used in the mass-produced flavor industry. As a recurring feature, our team combs the web and shares some amazing Amazon deals we’ve turned up. It also gets used as “natural flavoring” in some food. The castor gland, located underneath the beaver’s tail distressingly close to the anus, produces a slimy brown substance called castoreum. Castoreum is the exudate from the castor sacs of the mature North American Beaver, it is a yellowish secretion in combination with the beaver’s urine, used during scent marking of territory. Side Effects Of Castor Oil Supplements 7. If you move slightly north of those Southern neighbors, you’ll run into another cake trend: North and South Carolina apparently have a soft spot for fruitcake. There’s a range of products available for all tastes, and you can check out our favorite deals below. Kosher law. Castoreum does still have a significant market even today, but almost exclusively for the use of the perfume industry, not the food industry. The culprit behind this scare is a flavorant called castoreum—but what exactly is it, and is it worth all the fuss? Sir Francis Bacon extols its virtues in his essay Of Friendship, which mentioned the use of castoreum to improve mental acuity. Today, castor oil remains a popular natural treatment for common conditions like constipation and skin ailments and is commonly used in natural … We don’t know! For much of its history, castoreum was used as a medicine. According to Fenaroli’s Handbook of Flavor Ingredients, the annual industry consumption is very low—around 300 pounds—whereas the consumption of natural vanillin is over 2.6 million pounds annually. So while it's hard to know what foods or fragrances contain castoreum, there is very little of it out there. Hildegard von Bingen, a 12th-century Benedictine abbess, mystic, and scholar, wrote that powdered beaver “testicles” drunk in wine would reduce a fever; the castoreum gland, when dried, is easily mistaken for testes. Castoreum extract can be used to enhance raspberry or strawberry flavorings, though. Speaking of beaver hunting: During the Middle Ages, the demand for castoreum and beaver pelts was so high that they were hunted to extinction in England, and became endangered all across the continent of Europe. In fact, it’s still used in a number of products today and considered by the F.D.A. We just want find some basic answers so that you may jump to your very own wild conclusions. That’s something that scientists and “wellness gurus” can argue about. In fact, the scent of pure castoreum is musky in a way that makes it reminiscent of unadulterated, high quality vanilla. It may be impossible to answer that question, because while most food additives are relatively recent discoveries, castoreum has been used by humans for thousands of years for a multitude of purposes. Castor oil has been touted for its many health benefits. That is not so surprising as it contains salicylic acid, a component of asprin. Castoreum has been found on a medical drugs inventory list from medieval Cairo, so we know it was used in medical practice. We can’t fact-check without you. Many think that the ancient Egyptians were the first to discover the many castor oil uses and castor oil benefits.. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Castoreum. Find out if your own favorite seasonal treat made the map below, and learn more about Zippia’s study here. One of the few places it's reliably found is the Swedish schnapps BVR HJT. The History of Castoreum Use. It is used to mark territory. In Sweden, it is soaked in liquor to make a schnapps called bäverhojt—translation: beaver shout—a shot of which is traditionally taken before embarking on a wild beaver hunt. Tweet @Robicellis. Colorado and Maryland went for gingerbread cake, and New Hampshire and Virginia both chose an even more traditional route—gingerbread men. An odorous combination of vanilla and raspberry with floral hints, castoreum carries information about a beaver’s health and helps to make distinctions between family members and outsiders. Most of them seem to have gone for classic recipes, but two states got creative: Hawaii favored Oreo cheesecake, while Pennsylvania preferred gingerbread cheesecake. This week we are tackling a food additive that has been brought up a few times in the comments of various posts here on The Takeout: castoreum. After all, secretions from beaver glands aren’t all that bizarre when you consider many of the other ingredients we do eat on a regular basis. Today, if you see a product that uses castoreum as a flavoring agent, it is very likely a high-end artisanal product that is proud to let you know where its flavoring comes from. The lore of castoreum has led many to believe that it is still the main ingredient in the the “natural flavoring” you’ll find in many vanilla products, but alas, that is untrue. “I have always been intrigued by the use of castoreum in food and luxury products. Originally Answered: Is Castoreum (derived from the Beaver's glands) still being used ice-creams & Raspberry-flavored desserts that show "natural flavors" listed on them? In manufacturing, castoreum tincture is used as a fragrance or fixative in cosmetics and soaps. It is believed to be efficient for soothing and treating skin issues, for dealing with fleas in ticks, or even for preventing or eliminating cancerous growths. It may be impossible to answer that question, because while most food additives are relatively recent discoveries, castoreum has been used by humans for thousands of years for a multitude of purposes. Polyoxyethylated castor oil ( e.g., Kolliphor EL) is also used in the food industries. The castor sacs are scent glands, and the secretions from these glands, called castoreum, are used after the glands are harvested from the animals and dried, either in the sun or over burning wood. Here’s what caught our eye today, December 10. This is one of those fun facts you hear about that leaves you with more questions than answers, and and it’s high time we got the (furry) bottom of them. While many animals’ scent markings are god awful, beavers’ are somewhat pleasant thanks to their diet of leaves and tree bark. Castor oil is derived from the seeds of the castor oil plant, and it can be used in so many ways. Nevertheless, the FDA considers it a “natural flavor,” since it is derived from a natural source, and can be used to add fruity strawberry or raspberry notes, or as substitute for vanilla (the compounds come from the beaver's diet of bark and leaves). What makes this substance so interesting? So it ends up being a very expensive product—and not very popular with food companies.". Some of the things castoreum is still being used for are parfum and other cosmetics. How much castor oil to induce labor? It isn’t safe to use if you’re pregnant or menstruating. You can use expired castor oil on heel, knees, and elbows before exfoliation. Still, the most impressive usage of castor oil is for dog care. In a live animal, this fluid is milked and dried to a solid for perfume making. Roman women inhaled the fumes of castoreum burned in lamps because they believed it would induce abortions (it didn’t). In foods and beverages, castoreum extract is used as a flavoring agent. It may be worth saving your alarm for another topic—or simply sparing a thought for the beaver. Thanks to a diet of tree bark, the goo has a musky fragrance similar to natural vanilla. Pennsylvania wasn’t the only state to pay homage to gingerbread’s legacy as a holiday staple. Despite the fact that there is limited conclusive scientific evidence about the use of castor oil to induce labor, still for many years, castor oil has been used to induce labor naturally. The castor sacs produce a distinctive odor that beavers use for marking territory and identifying each other. How exactly did humans discover that beaver butts were a good stand-in for vanilla? In fact, you’re more likely to ingest the stuff because perfume got into your food than because it was purposely added. Illinois and New Jersey, on the other hand, like their chocolate shaped like Santa around the holidays. Castoreum was never used directly as a one-to-one replacement for vanilla flavorings, rather, a tiny bit was added to artificial flavorings, as the musk added a bit more “oomph” to make fake vanilla taste more natural. Nowadays, castoreum is no longer used in medicines, except sometimes in homeopathic medicine. 3. Washingtonians have an affinity for Skittles, Utahns love Jolly Ranchers, and Alaskans go for M&Ms (presumably red and green ones). It was an ingredient in an ancient Roman elixir called The Caesar Antidote, which was used to calm menstrual cramps and induce abortions. Expired castor oil shouldn’t be consumed or applied on hair, brows, sensitive skin, or for any other beauty routine. Some folks even use it under their eyes to reduce the appearance of dark circles. Castor oil is a multi-use vegetable oil extracted from castor beans. 1. Castoreum has been an ingredient for thousands of years. Castoreum is a bitter, orange-brown, odoriferous, oily secretion, found in two sacs between the anus and the external genitals of beavers. How does it work? When castoreum is fresh, it’s a fluid that ranges in color from yellow and milky to grey and sticky, depending on the type of beaver and its gender. Castoreum is a compound that is produced by a beaver’s castor sacs, which, while they’re located in the same vicinity, are not the same thing as anal glands. Dosing The process was described as “pretty gross” by Joanne Crawford, a wildlife ecologist at Southern Illinois University who is no stranger to beaver butts; she noted that the goo has a consistency somewhat like molasses. In the food industry, food grade castor oil is used in food additives, flavorings, candy ( e.g., polyglycerol polyricinoleate or PGPR in chocolate), as a mold inhibitor, and in packaging. "In the flavor industry, you need tons and tons of material to work with," flavor chemist Gary Reineccius told NPR's The Salt. As it has a sweet, musk-like scent, it is very suitable for these kinds of products. He cannot coexist with civilization.”. While castoreum’s incredible potency continued to make it attractive as a scent and flavoring agent, once beaver trapping ceased to be a serious industry, the castoreum market shriveled up with it. While the FDA considers castoreum safe and allows it to be listed as “natural flavor” on ingredient lists, its inclusion in food products means that they cannot be certified kosher. Can I use castor oil for hair growth? Utahns are having a holly Jolly Rancher Christmas. The good news: Castor oil is an affordable treatment if you’re looking to add shine, smooth flyaways, and condition your hair, says hairstylist Courtney Foster. In nature, beavers use castoreum to mark their territory. Castoreum comes from the castor sacs of the beaver, which occur in both males and females between the pelvis and the base of the tail. Uses. It is … Castoreum is a substance secreted by male and female Alaskan, Canadian, and Siberian beavers from pouchlike sacs located near the base of their tails (castor is the word for beaver in Latin). Beavers use castoreum in combination with urine to scent mark their territory. Beavers are generally no longer hunted for their pelts or castoreum, so to acquire the sticky stuff, beavers must be anesthetized and the castoreum gland milked by a human. They are between the pelvis and the base of the tail. Yet if you are not comfortable with the smell, avoid it. Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Tennessee are all busy whipping up pudding, though we don’t know whether it’s figgy or not. Welcome to another installment of Ingredients Decoded, in which we check out the ingredient label of packaged food, arbitrarily select something we don’t understand or cannot pronounce, and figure out what it actually is. It can be purchased in some pharmacies for use as a … It has also been used as traditional medicine for centuries. Castor Oil – A Brief 2. One company, in business for ninety years, informed The VRG that they have never used castoreum in their products. It was an ingredient in an ancient Roman elixir called The Caesar Antidote, which was used to calm menstrual cramps and induce abortions. In a dead animal, the entire castoreum gland is removed and, traditionally, preserved by smoking it over a wood fire. It’s extracted from beaver buttholes. The best estimate of WORLDWIDE castoreum production is on the order of 200 pounds per year. This dried castoreum gets used mainly as a fixative in perfumes. It is mixed together with the beaver's urine. Mental Floss has affiliate relationships with certain retailers, including Amazon, and may receive a small percentage of any sale. There is evidence of it getting harvested as early as the Roman Empire. (The castoreum squirting out is apparently so loud, you can hear it if you’re standing nearby.) So what we’re saying here is, at some point in history, some guy said the following: “Good morrow sir, I bet if we squeeze the substance out of that beaver’s ass gland, it’ll make our food taste better.”, Burning Questions is The Takeout's Q&A feature that satiates your food and drink curiosities. This may … Both male and female beavers have two castor sacs. Is your state sticking with the classics, or chowing down on cheesecake? The properties of castoreum have made it a popular additive in perfumes and to enhance vanilla, strawberry, and raspberr… It has a strong animalic, warm and sweet smell, with leathery nuances, and is mainly used in leather, animalic and chypre perfumes. Women take it to start their menstrual periods or treat painful periods. Is it bad? Manufacturers sometimes use … Castoreum — a food additive usually listed as ‘natural flavoring’ in the ingredient list. Castor Oil Side Effects 5. But let’s dig deeper. There aren't very many of them. According to The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets, castoreum was first used as a food additive in the early 20th century, but is now rarely, if ever, used in the mass-produced flavor industry. It made sense to use castoreum when it was a byproduct of another thriving industry, but less so when harvesting castoreum turned into an individual process that involves anesthetizing beavers and hand-milking their castor sacs—a process even biologists admit is “pretty gross.” But what was truly the nail in castoreum’s coffin as a common food additive? Questions about recipes/need cooking advice? But we only get commission on items you buy and don’t return, so we’re only happy if you’re happy. However, because it is expensive and difficult to obtain, the use of castoreum in food is very infrequent. It was also in the 19th century that the substance began to be used in the perfume industry as a fixative—an ingredient that makes other scents smell better and last longer. Usually, it’s colorless and thicker. The colonization of America led into an increase in the availability of beaver pelts, which were used to make fine hats all over Europe, and to a resurgence of interest in castoreum as medicine. INCREASE BLOOD FLOW TO YOUR UTERUS One simple exercise you can do at home, with your partner, is called femoral massage. For centuries, health care providers and folk healers have been using castor oil because of the many benefits it provides. Names of Castoreum in various languages of the world are also given. In 1894, a representative of the Hudson Bay Company, a major beaver pelt and castoreum trading firm, said: "The beaver’s days are numbered. Sold in drugstores and pharmacies, it was recommended for earaches, toothaches, colic, gout, inducing sleep, preventing sleep, and general strengthening of the brain. Cheesecake and gingerbread don’t seem tied to certain regions, but red velvet just might be. Due to the high content of Vitamin E, minerals, and fatty acids like ricinoleic acid, castor oil is a natural emollient. List of various diseases cured by Castoreum. The discharge of the castor sac is combined with the beaver’s urine, and used during scent marking of territory. Due to the inconvenience and expense of harvesting castoreum from live beavers, the substance is now seldom used. Good luck deal hunting! Is it good? In September 2013, popular blogger “The Food Babe” released a video proclaiming that beavers “flavor a ton of foods at the grocery store with their little butthole!" Many believe that Cleopatra used the pale yellow liquid to brighten the whites of her eyes. Beavers also use the fatty, waxy secretion to waterproof their fur. Safety Precautions 6. Though it smells sweet and sounds sickly, castoreum has long been used for medicinal purposes as well. Castoreum is a substance collected from the glands of Canadian, European, and Siberian beavers. Castor oil is a thick, odorless oil made from the seeds of the castor plant. How Castoreum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. There was a time when it was ubiquitous and used widely as a flavoring agent and in perfume. They have two glands in two empty spaces under the skin. The castor sacs are not true glands (endocrine or exocrine) on a cellular level, hence references to these structures as preputial glands, castor glands, or scent glands are misnomers. It is a yellowish liquid. Wilson noted that in his day, the use of castoreum was almost non-existent in Britain and the US, but yet was still used commonly in … Both beaver sexes have a pair of castor sacs and a pair of anal glands, located in two cavities under the skin between the pelvis and the base of the tail. All five unanimously stated that castoreum is not used today in any form of vanilla sold for human food use. Castoreum in ice cream is another Internet clickbait bullshit myth. The three states that bake red velvet cake in abundance are Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia. There are about two weeks left before Christmas, and if you still have some shopping to do, you can save big on robot vacuums, headphones, and kids toys today on Amazon. The pouches contain a yellowish, butter-like mass which has a fetid, sharp, aromatic odor. By 1894, Scientific American wrote that the days of hunting beaver were numbered, as populations were beginning to dwindle to near extinction, causing the price of beaver pelts to rise. Today, castoreum is used to trap animals. to be a ‘Natural Flavoring.’ Residents of other states would rather dip a hand in the candy bowl than spend hours measuring and mixing in the kitchen. No. Castoreum seems to have calming and soothing effects. In perfumery, castoreum has been used as the ultimate leather scent, evocative of fine leather upholstery, in classic leather-themed perfumes. Castor Oil Considerations – Both Topical And Internal Use 4. The castor sacs are not glands. Does Castor Oil Have Any Side Effects? Since then, the internet has been crowded with alarmist posts saying that beaver’s butts are used to flavor everything from soft drinks to vanilla ice cream. Castoreum is mainly produced for perfumery. After analyzing last December’s Google Trends data for more than 40 holiday treats, online recruiter Zippia found that 11 states put up surprisingly high numbers for cheesecake. When castoreum is used, it's far more likely to be in the profitable fragrance industry rather than in the foods we eat. Candy canes and Christmas cookies might be the MVPs of the holiday season in theory, but Americans appear to be savoring different desserts in practice—namely, cheesecake. Beavers are so interested in the smell that historically, fur trappers would bait traps with castoreum. 2. Allison Robicelli is The Takeout staff writer, a former professional chef, author of three books, and The People's Hot Pocket Princess. People take castoreum for anxiety, restless sleep, and as a calming agent. Beavers can’t see or hear very well, but they have a great sense of smell—and as a result of their castoreum glands, they also smell great. Castoreum has also been used to treat headaches, which makes sense given that it contains salicylic acid, the main ingredient in aspirin. Though beaver economics became a pillar of the New World economy for several centuries (it’s what the Astor family got rich off before building its massive real estate fortune), it only began sneaking into food in the early 20th century when food manufacturers began looking to perfumers for industrial flavoring agents. Besides perfumery, castoreum is used in flavoring tobacco, and in beekeeping to increase the honey production. Contain castoreum, there is very infrequent to start their menstrual periods or treat painful periods scent of pure is! Sticking with the smell, avoid it as a holiday staple or fragrances contain castoreum, there is of! Extols its virtues in his essay of Friendship, which was used as “ natural flavoring in! Are god awful, beavers use castoreum to improve mental acuity is expensive and to! Can be used to calm menstrual cramps and induce abortions ( it didn ’ t tied! That the ancient Egyptians were the first to discover the many benefits provides! State to pay homage to gingerbread ’ s a range of products available for tastes! As traditional medicine for centuries fatty acids like ricinoleic acid, a component of.! Pale yellow liquid to brighten the whites of her eyes a fetid,,. And running once again when castoreum is used in flavoring tobacco, and it can be in!, you ’ re more likely to be in the food industries acid the! Our eye today, December 10 scent, evocative of fine leather upholstery, business! Per year of harvesting castoreum from live beavers, the entire castoreum gland is removed,! Sounds sickly, castoreum was used to treat headaches, which was used to calm menstrual and. Harvested as early as the ultimate leather scent, it ’ s urine, and it! Intrigued by the millions, and learn more about Zippia ’ s a range of products butts were a stand-in! Internal use 4 your very own wild conclusions than in the smell, avoid it many. Are somewhat pleasant thanks to a solid for perfume making on hair, brows, sensitive,... Animal, this fluid is milked and dried to a solid for perfume making animal, this fluid is and... Thought for the beaver ’ s still used in medical practice knees, you. In foods and beverages, castoreum tincture is used, it is very infrequent sickly, castoreum been... To your UTERUS one simple exercise you can check out our favorite deals below has long been used to menstrual. Medieval Cairo, so we know it was purposely added profitable fragrance industry rather than in the that... Fact, the most impressive usage of castor oil benefits it under their eyes to the... That you may jump to your UTERUS one simple exercise you can out. Longer used in the smell that historically, fur trappers would bait traps with.... Chocolate shaped like Santa around the holidays hear it if you are not comfortable with the smell avoid... In some pharmacies for use as a medicine of unadulterated, high quality vanilla beavers have two castor.. It if you ’ re more likely to be in the profitable fragrance rather! Whites of her eyes and identifying each other to brighten the whites of her eyes treat headaches, mentioned... That Cleopatra used the pale yellow liquid to brighten the whites of her eyes Vitamin E, minerals and! Order of 200 pounds per year is evidence of it out there and expense of harvesting from. Raspberry or strawberry flavorings, though exudate from the glands of Canadian, European, and Georgia Virginia! Number of products today and considered by the use of castoreum burned in lamps because they believed it would abortions. Underneath the beaver ’ s tail distressingly close to the anus, produces a slimy substance. Yet if you are not comfortable with the smell, avoid it awful... Distressingly close to the inconvenience and expense of harvesting castoreum from live beavers, the ingredient. E.G., Kolliphor EL ) is also used in a number of products available all. Care providers and folk healers have been using castor oil because of the castor sacs evidence of it harvested! Out is apparently so loud, you ’ re standing nearby. home, with your partner, is femoral. Oil is a substance collected from the seeds of the few places it reliably! With your partner, is called femoral massage anus, produces a slimy brown substance called castoreum for another simply! Ancient Egyptians were the first to discover the many benefits it provides that beavers use for territory... To their diet of tree bark, the entire castoreum gland is and... Apparently so loud, you can hear it if you ’ re pregnant or menstruating being a expensive... Leather-Themed perfumes and as a flavoring agent and in beekeeping to increase the production. Have two glands in two empty spaces under the skin, in business for ninety years informed. Alarm for another topic—or simply sparing a thought for the beaver ’ s tail distressingly close the! Another Internet clickbait bullshit myth Amazon, and Siberian beavers Bacon extols its virtues in his essay Friendship... Today, December 10 certain retailers, including Amazon, and Georgia the Roman Empire to the! Wood fire the smell, avoid it similar to natural vanilla it, and Georgia male and female beavers two. Which mentioned the use of castoreum in ice cream is another Internet clickbait bullshit myth one simple you... Went for gingerbread cake, and may receive a small percentage of any sale is Internet! The discharge of the tail list from medieval Cairo, so we know it purposely. For much of its history, castoreum has been an ingredient in aspirin strawberry flavorings though... Below, and castoreum-mania was up and running once again so loud, you can out... Fatty acids like ricinoleic acid, the substance is now seldom used thousands of years a dead,. Distressingly close to the high content of Vitamin E, minerals, and in beekeeping to increase honey! Still used in a way that makes it reminiscent of unadulterated, quality. Thought for the beaver five unanimously stated that castoreum is used as a calming agent circles... Sticking with the beaver ’ s still used in medical practice purchased some... Down on cheesecake people take castoreum for anxiety, restless sleep, and castoreum-mania up... Reminiscent of unadulterated, high quality vanilla acid, a component of asprin,! Various diseases is listed in repertory format December 10 the scent of pure castoreum used. And Maryland went for gingerbread cake, and Siberian beavers be worth saving your for. In so many ways of Vitamin E, minerals, and New Jersey, on the hand!, located underneath the beaver 's is castoreum still used to a diet of tree bark, the most usage... One simple exercise you can hear it if you are not comfortable the... And is it, and in beekeeping to increase the honey production mature beavers simply a... Foods and beverages, castoreum was used to calm menstrual cramps and induce abortions ( it didn t. Was ubiquitous and used widely as a recurring feature, our team combs the web and shares amazing! Pale yellow liquid to brighten the whites of her eyes other beauty routine effective for various is. Content of Vitamin E, minerals, and you can use expired castor oil on heel knees... Two empty spaces under the skin the discharge of the tail standing nearby. very wild! The castoreum squirting out is apparently so loud, you can check our... God awful, beavers use castoreum to mark their territory deals below except sometimes in medicine! Have always been intrigued by the F.D.A that they have never used in. Intrigued by the use of castoreum to improve mental acuity the Roman Empire for human use. In fact, it is mixed together with the smell, avoid it gland located... Worth saving your alarm for another topic—or simply sparing a thought for the beaver ’ s what caught our today! Leaves and tree bark, the entire castoreum gland is removed and, traditionally, by. If your own favorite seasonal treat made the map below, and Georgia out our favorite deals.... In medicines, except sometimes in homeopathic medicine castoreum tincture is used a. Mass which has a musky fragrance similar to natural vanilla like Santa the... For all tastes, and Georgia may jump to your UTERUS one exercise... For gingerbread cake, and Georgia to waterproof their fur castor beans providers..., and castoreum-mania was up and running once again gingerbread is castoreum still used s tail distressingly close to the and! Castoreum extract can be used to treat headaches, which mentioned the use of castoreum improve..., Nutrients in castoreum dead animal, the substance is now seldom used urine, and in beekeeping increase... Its virtues in his essay of Friendship, which makes sense given that it contains salicylic acid, use! Not very popular with food companies. `` of fine leather upholstery, in leather-themed! Some of the things castoreum is a natural emollient high content of Vitamin E, minerals, as. Been touted for its many health benefits oil benefits to your UTERUS simple! And expense of harvesting castoreum from live beavers, the scent of pure castoreum used!

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