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desertification in pakistan slideshare

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Author: Willem Van Cotthem. Desertification, desiccation, and drought are often interrelated but must not be confused. Vanina PIETRAGALLA “Institutionalization of desertification monitoring in Argentina: Development and implementation of the National Observatory on Land Degradation and Desertification” by Global Risk Forum GRFDavos on Apr 14, 2013 4.1 What social, economic, and policy factors can contribute to desertification? BUITEMS Quality & Excellence in Education 24 conservation technologies. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. Deserts Of Pakistan: 1.Cholistan Desert Cholistan desert spread over the areas of Bahawalpur , Bhawalnagar and Rahimyar Khan 2.Indus Valley Desert The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. Balochistan as it is, wasn't like this. Editorial June 20, 2011. Akram, M. and Sheikh, B. Desertification is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. Desertification process has been active since historical times in areas now-a-days constituting Pakistan. The desert was used for nuclear testing by the Pakistan military, making it the most famous of the five deserts. Honorary Professor of Botany, University of Ghent (Belgium). Over the last 40 years or so desertification has mainly been attributed to human mismanagement, although environmental factors are sometimes wholly or partly to blame – frequently acting as a trigger. Desertification is a major problem in Pakistan. Environmental Sustainability Research Study Report For PRSP 2 By ABDUL LATIF RAO This Study should not be reported as representing the views of the Ministry of Finance. • little precipitation occurs and, consequently, Desertification is a serious global problem and more acute in the case of Pakistan. … Thal Desert. As Pakistan’s population grows and the effects of climate change take hold, desertification has become a major source of concern for the country’s fragile ecosystem. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Following the ratification of the CRC in 1990, the government of Pakistan promulgated the “Juvenile Justice System Ordinance -2000” (JJSO 2000), which provides for the protection of children involved in criminal litigation. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The camel milk can be instrumental for its future sustainability in the harsh and hostile ecology. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. A large canal-building project is currently underway to irrigate the land. The nation has other extremely pressing problems as well, the land we live in and fight for must be tended to. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Reducing the risk of desertification; Sustainable development in the desert – The Great Green Wall; Cold Environments – Polar and Tundra. • desertification or by their geographical APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. The food-supply system is increasingly disrupted by shortages of fresh water, by floods, droughts, storms and other types of extreme weather, as well as by desertification and soil erosion. This study aims to conduct an assessment of desertification vulnerability and desertification degree of district The SLM programme (Phase I) paved the way towards using a long-term programmatic and results-based approach to combatting desertification and land degradation over entire landscapes in Pakistan. Home to a third of the human population in 2000, drylands occupy nearly half of Earth’s land area. • where little precipitation occurs and whic Em. Presentation on Pakistan 1. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Pakistan to get Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine by early February: Dr Faisal. Desertification as a physical process brought by chemical, biological and physical factors that create desert like conditions • 2. Desertification According to the Forestry Sector Master Plan (FSMP), 1992, natural forests accounted for 4.2 million ha (4.8%), irrigated plantations occupied 103,000 ha (0.117%) and It covers 200,000 square kilometres and is … Desertification is caused by a combination of factors that change over time and vary by location. Environmental issues in Pakistan include air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, climate change, pesticide misuse, soil erosion, natural disasters, desertification and flooding.According to the latest global environment performance index (EPI) ranking Pakistan is in the list of countries which suffer from poor air quality. It used to be a hub of fruits, producing watermelons and pomegranates. Sc. Scientific Consultant for Desertification and Sustainable Development. Desertification was recognized long before it gained a name from Aubreville. Deserts can be classified by the Aug 6, 2018 - Desertification means land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities. • location. This desert was the site of Pakistan's second nuclear test, Chagai-II, which was carried out on 30 May 1998. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Increase in degradation and desertification India-wide In 2011-2013, India’s land degradation area totaled 29.3% of India’s total land area, representing an area of 96.4 million hectares. These changes are PAKISTAN – Land of the Pure 2. Kharan Desert. desi and Kabuli. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The “Sustainable Land Management project to Combat Desertification in Pakistan” is being implemented in two phases over a period of 8 years. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Irrigation will make most of the desert suitable for farming. Pakistan is currently beset with a clear and present danger – the desertification of its agricultural heartland along with a concomitant drought that would parch the burgeoning population of one of the fastest growing populations on the planet. • the unprotected surface of the ground to the Around 70% of Pakistan is naturally arid. • This includes much of the polar regions You can change your ad preferences anytime. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The looming crisis is partially of our own making and partially a result of climate change. Afforestation plan on 7,200 square km area to stem biodiversity loss, combat desertification APP – Daily Times DECEMBER 23, 2020 – See also : … The Thal Desert is located in Bhakkar District of Pakistan between the Indus and Jhelum rivers. About one-third of 44, No. {4.1.6, 4.2.1, 4.7} 3 Land degradation is a driver of climate change through emission of greenhouse gases and • Located in South East Asia• Created on August 14, 1947• Population 170 million people• Official language Urdu• Capital Islamabad• 7th largest Army• 6th nuclear country The Vulnerability of Pakistan’s Water Sector to the Impacts of Climate Change: Identification of gaps and recommendations for action September 19, 2017 UNDP Pakistan Annual Report 2016 We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Share this: Tweet; Email; More; Like this: Like Loading... Related. Pakistan is a developing country. The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification: A Case Study of its application in Namibia Justine Braby 1. • sometimes called polar deserts or"cold About ¼ country land area which is almost suitable for intensive agriculture but this area is facing a problem of salinity/sodicity, water and wind erosion, water logging and flooding and loss of organic matter. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). where 1. Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. • temperature that prevails, by the causes at The natural resource base of land, water and vegetation in arid and semi arid areas is highly fragile and extremely vulnerable to degradation. 7S, pp. The United Nations Development Programme has been supporting the implementation of this Arid and semi-arid constitute 80% of its total area. Home to a third of the human population in 2000, drylands occupy nearly half of Earth’s land area. Desertification is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Aridness is increasing as desertification is occurring at many places. According to the Forestry Sector Master Plan (FSMP), 1992, natural forests accounted for 4.2 million ha (4.8%), irrigated plantations occupied 103,000 ha (0.117%) and rangelands covered 28.507 million ha (32.40%) out of the total land area of 87.98 million ha (879,800 km2). Desertification is a form of land degradation by which fertile land becomes desert. … PRESENTED BY HALIMA ZEB ABBASI Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Such declines may be the result of climate change, deforestation, overgrazing, poverty, political instability, unsustainable irrigation practices, or combinations of these factors. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... Mammalian Brain Chemistry Explains Everything, No public clipboards found for this slide. The published Flora of Pakistan is a comprehensive inventory of the plants of Pakistan, the first modern flora of more than 6,000 species from a large, relatively poorly known region of South Asia. Pakistan is not self-sufficient in wood based products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood based products. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. The major deserts are: Thar, Cholistan, Thall, and ; Kharan; These areas receive very little rain fall and are have large tracts of barren wastelands, with formation of sand dunes rising sometime to 150 m above ground level. Vol 5, Issue 1, July 2014 And Desertification In Balochistan, Pakistan J. App. This Study was commissioned under the “Support to PRSP-II Formulation Project”, as part of Slideshare. • animal life. Desertification has only recently started to take over some places of Pakistan. Pakistan is a country with its greater area comprising of drylands. Desertification. semi- arid • deserts". Pakistan is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world. Pakistan officially the ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN is a country in South Asia. Desertification - Desertification in Pakistan Deserts And Desertification – The Causes, Consequences And Challenges Desertification comes about by a complex interaction between the natural … of economic conditions, population pressure, agricultural practices , and politics. This is the first systematic review of studies done since 1960, and to give an integrated picture of pesticides exposure to humans, animals, plants, waters, soils/sediments, atmosphere etc. Journal of Arid Land Studies, Vol. Pakistan’s forest resources are shrinking at a rate of one percent which will have dreadful effects on the people of Pakistan. Pakistan Terrestrial Water & Maritime Zones Act, 1976; It includes provisions for preservation, development and protection of marine environment and control of marine pollution and exploration, development, conservation and management of living resources in Pakistan’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) .A ship carrying nuclear and hazardous substances will have to inform the Government of Pakistan. According to a UNDP report, the forest area in Pakistan has shrunk to 1.9 per cent in 2015; ideally, a country must have a forest cover of at least 25 per cent of its total land. Environmental issues in Pakistan include air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, climate change, pesticide misuse, soil erosion, natural disasters, desertification and flooding.According to the latest global environment performance index (EPI) ranking Pakistan is in … A good gram crop in case of desi (black varieties) gives an output of 15 to 25 maunds yield per acre and in case of Kabuli varieties gives about 25 to 30 maunds yield per acre. • living conditions are hostile for plant and Desertification is the persistent degradation of dryland ecosystems by variations in climate and human activities. PAKISTAN PLANT DATABASE. Desertification in Pakistan. Pakistan remains a frequent victim of desertification. Pakistan is an arid and semi-arid region with 68 million hectares of land which receive less than 300mm annual rainfall. Desertification: definition its causes ,effects & solutions. Conjunctive use of rainwater and saline groundwater for desertification control in Pakistan through agro-forestry and range management. It is also it severely by desertification and land degradation. Desertification, the process by which natural or human causes reduce the biological productivity of drylands. Pakistan is a forest-poor country, mainly due to arid and semi-arid climate in large parts of the country. The Kharan Desert is located in Northwest Balochistan.It makes a nature boundary between Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan.It is located in Kharan District.The Kharan Desert is a sandiest desert in Pakistan. • processes of denudation. Abstract: Pakistan is predominantly a dryland country, where 80% of its land area is arid to semi arid and majority of its 168 million populations depend on dryland to support their livelihood mainly through agro-pastoral activities. Water for All, Pakistan Wetlands Programme, National Sanitation Policy, Sustainable Land Management to Combat Desertification in Pakistan, Environmental Rehabilitation and Poverty Reduction through Participatory Watershed Management in Tarbela Reservoir etc. Sustainable Land Management to Combat Desertification in Pakistan . Zahid H USSAIN1) and Muhammad I RFAN*2). Desertification occurring at the moment when land becomes irreversibly sterile • 4. IUCN Pakistan has also developed sustainable development policies and strategies and implemented several projects on watershed management, water harvesting, agriculture and livestock management, biodiversity conservation, plantation to enhance vegetative cover amongst others, to address the issues of desertification. Desertification in Pakistan . In Pakistan desertification is attributed mainly to unsound irrigation/ agricultural practices, including over-cultivation. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. • The Kharan Desert (Urdu: ‫خاران‬ ‫)صحرائے‬ is a sandy and mountainous desert situated in Baluchistan province in south-western Pakistan. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Final Government Distribution Chapter 4: IPCC SRCCL Subject to Copy-editing 4-5 Total pages: 186 1 habitats, and infrastructure through increased rates of land degradation (high confidence) and from 2 new degradation patterns (low evidence, high agreement). This plan came into being in 2000, but no actions could be taken after it, and thus, approximately 68 million hectares of land areas are now threatened with desertification and degradation of land. It estimated area of more than 20,000 Square KM. This is the first systematic review of studies done since 1960, and to give an integrated picture of pesticides exposure to humans, animals, plants, waters, soils/sediments, atmosphere etc. Home to a third of the human population in 2000, drylands occupy nearly half of Earth’s land area. and creeping desertification, threats of disease and competition on feed & water resources. What are the threats to land integrity? KARACHI: Desertification in Sindh province is rising in arid semi arid and riverine areas with each passing day causing food and agriculture loss. Pakistan has two regulations that govern the use of pesticides: Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance of 1971, and Agricultural Pesticides Rules of 1973. A sum of 120,000 liters of milk can be available if channelized in Cholistan and its peripheries, as said by Dr Ali Raza Abbasi and his colleagues. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Across the world, desertification affects the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on the benefits that dryland ecosystems can provide. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The lack of vegetation exposes 1. The adverse effects of these desertification processes on the ecosystem are evident mainly in the form of salinisation of soil and ground water, waterlogging, soil erosion and sand dune migration. Title: HISTORY OF PAKISTAN 1 HISTORY OF PAKISTAN. They were unaware of crop rotation, mixed cropping, mulching, grass strips, agroforestry, hedge barriers and the management technologies like area closure and rotational grazing. The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. The country is faced with problems of environmental degradation, loss of soil fertility, loss of biodiversity and reduction in land productivity resulting in increased poverty of local communities. Following are some of the main causes of this large scale deforestation in Pakistan. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Denn der ist rar in einigen Regionen Pakistans. • amount of precipitation that falls, by the Enviromental issues in pakistan 1. Pakistan’s NDC submitted to UNFCC in 2016, for example, had calculated the need for US$ 40 billion for reducing its emissions by 40 percent. Prevention is a lot more cost-effective than rehabilitation, and this should be taken into account in policy decisions. Pakistan is a forest-poor country, mainly due to arid and semi-arid climate in large parts of the country. 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